Could artificial intelligence be the wave of the future for medical devices in healthcare? Some medical insiders seem to think so.

While the industry has been slow to adopt AI in comparison to other sectors like financial services and manufacturing – with 70% of health systems yet to establish a formal program—a recent survey found that 68% of health system executives plan to invest more in AI in the next five years to help reach their strategic goals. And the investments are expected to be significant; the global AI in healthcare market size is estimated to reach $120.2 billion by 2028.

While AI can and often has been used for good, it can also be used to discover and exploit vulnerabilities. For example, the same type of algorithm being implemented in a medical device to more accurately and quickly diagnose cancer may also be used by a bad actor to attack that device. To illustrate, a 2019 study from Ben-Gurion University demonstrated how AI-savvy hackers could manipulate CT and MRI results of lung cancer patients—gaining complete control over the number, size and location of tumors.

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